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What types of forex brokers exist? What is the difference between A-Book and B-Book brokers?

By selling the pair back at a later date, the trader can then cash in on any changes in the exchange rate. The main risk of trading currencies is brokers who might not be regulated, which is rather rare nowadays, yet still a concern. Every broker must undergo procedures and meet financial regulations that impose obligations, limits, and recommendations on financial firms. Foreign exchange market regulations refer to the regulations and legislation that a Forex business must adhere to. However, regulation is more than just putting rules in place; consistent monitoring and compliance with the standards are also required. Choosing B-Book forex brokers offers distinct advantages, appealing to many traders.

In the forex market, it is widely known that percent of traders lose their initial investment within six months, which works to the advantage of the forex B-book broker. But don’t forget about unanticipated events, which occur on a regular basis and cause B-book brokers to incur massive losses, often for many months at a time. Crypto liquidity aggregators take in liquidity from major exchanges and simultaneously form their liquidity pools, thus enhancing transaction volume. Consequently, clients linked to these aggregators perform dual roles as both liquidity consumers and providers, thereby achieving a perfect equilibrium between buyer demand and seller supply levels. A notable instance of such a system is the Marksman liquidity hub, which provides organic liquidity services.

Market Makers in Forex. How do you trade like a market maker?

That means the broker has twice as much liquidity, but half of it is phantom prices. Frankly, whether a broker is considered an A-Book or B-book broker is not the be-all and end-all. What matters most is the integrity of the broker and how they operate. A-Book brokers are commonly known as agency brokers, as they simply act as a middleman or an agent.

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This can potentially create a conflict of interest, as the broker benefits directly from client losses. In other words, even if the trade opened by the trader goes into profit, causing a loss for the broker, the broker will make up the loss with the trade he opened with his liquidity provider. A B-Book broker, also referred to as a Market Maker broker, prefers this model because it is often more profitable than only collecting spreads markup or commissions, like in the A-Book model. In essence, B-Book brokers or Market Maker brokers act as the ‘house’ in the trading scenario, similar to a casino, where the odds are statistically in their favour given the high percentage of losing retail traders​​. In the world of foreign exchange, having access to liquidity and ensuring a stable, efficient flow of transactions is crucial.

B-Book Broker Model Advantages

A wallet, or a non-trading account, serves as a conduit for depositing funds, providing clients the flexibility to distribute their resources among all their trading accounts. We have long-standing experience in the financial How To Start A Cryptocurrency Trade services market, and hence we truly understand that in Forex trading, every moment is precious. We therefore put quality and speed on equal footing, assuring that you save time while also guaranteeing high-quality service.

  • Unlike B-Book brokers who internally handle clients’ orders, A-Book brokers like FBS direct orders to liquidity providers.
  • Knowing what you’re getting into, without any unpleasant surprises, is integral to fostering trust.
  • It was all boiled down to B-Book brokers wanting you to lose, whereas an A-Book broker is on your side.
  • A Dealing Desk can change the leverage, spread, affect the accuracy of the quotes, artificially increase slippage, manipulate client’s orders.

In this article, we’ll explore these models and their pros and cons for brokers. Forex and CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. Between 74–89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading Forex and CFDs. You should consider whether you understand how Forex and CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. There is nothing inherently wrong with any of the models outlined above, they can all have a  rightful place depending on the context, and this article did not go into high levels of detail.

Disadvantages of B-Book Brokers for the Retail Trader

This would consume precious time which you could have spent focusing on your primary business as a broker. Moreover, Forex CRM equips you with valuable analytics and reporting tools that provide insights into your business’s performance. This way, you can make data-driven decisions, gauge the success of your marketing efforts, and devise strategic plans to grow your business. This shift by a large corporation means that crypto currencies are being recognized more and more as legit financial assets and such developments are definitely beneficial for crypto liquidity as well.

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If you prefer potentially lower costs, B-Book brokers might be better. For now, just know that when a forex broker chooses to accept market risk (“B-Book execution”), a major downside to doing this is that a potential conflict of interest does exist between a broker and its customers. Many USA brokers are Dealing Desk type (B-book),
This is due to strict regulatory policies above them. Offshore companies, in comparison, are much freer in choosing a Hybrid model or exploring a clean A-book practice.


This categorization involves a set of criteria that helps the broker determine the most appropriate risk management strategy for each trader. An A-Book Forex broker generates revenue by charging commissions on trades or applying a spread markup. A B-Book Forex broker primarily earns through the spread on trades and profits from client losses. In this model, the broker always acts as a counterparty to trades, meaning when a trader loses, the broker profits.

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If the trader makes a profit, the market maker can redirect the order to the liquidity aggregator, also referred to as the liquidity provider. So, considering the importance of these factors, it’s clear that when you’re choosing a liquidity provider, the quality and reliability of their data flows should be at the forefront of your evaluation. You want to ensure your liquidity provider can deliver robust, reliable and real-time data that can assist in every aspect of your trading operations and meet your clients’ expectations. Therefore, in your decision-making process about which liquidity provider to partner with, consider their market depth. By doing so, you ensure a smooth trading experience for yourself and your clients. Your potential liquidity provider should maintain high levels of integrity, including full disclosure of fees and charges, no hidden terms, and clear communication.

In 2015 and the preceding years, forex regulation was much looser than it is today. It was easy to avoid the expected standards involved in operating a sound brokerage, like safeguarding client money, execution policies and record keeping. These bucket shops were able to onboard inexperienced traders and pocket their inevitable losses by running a B-Book model.

While some B-Book brokers operate that way, in most cases, they don’t. B-Book brokers use several techniques to handle their customers’ order flow; they might operate a dealing desk, net long and short exposure internally or hedge with liquidity providers. In the early days of the retail forex trading industry, A-Book brokers were far more common than they are today. The A-Book business model became more expensive and less competitive. A-Book broker gets commissions for a fixed volume of transactions (usually for 1 lot) or a spread markup.

“Join our Trade Together program and interact with us in real-time as we trade the markets together.”

They direct your orders to liquidity providers, providing direct market access. This model is somewhat similar to the one used by betting companies, i.e., the liquidity provider/supplier is the broker himself. Applying this, the Forex broker earns only on losing traders’ positions. Accordingly, any profit of the client will be a loss for the company. Obviously, in this case, the broker does not want to share his profits with anyone and will try to complicate the work of the trader, who trades on the plus side by various manipulations, minimizing his chances to earn. The profit margin of an A-Book forex broker is lower statistically, but it is more steady.

Retail traders can use these markets to bet on the movement of currency prices through services provided by Forex brokerages. Bigger players in the Forex market include corporations, banks, and financial service providers — which makes this marketplace an integral piece of today’s global economy. It is estimated that more than 6 trillion US dollars are traded on the foreign exchange market every day. In fact, Forex brokers manage only a small percentage of this industry. The majority of Forex trades take place between currency pairs from the G10 nations, which are the most economically developed countries.

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